Articles Comments

Blog site of iVarta.com » Vedic Knowledge

The Two Stages of Devotion

Bhakti or devotion is a concept which is found throughout the world in one form or the other. From Christian prayers and Islamic namaz to Hindu puja and bhajans, elements of Bhakti are present in all the religions. Hindu scriptures define Bhakti as “Parama Prema-rupa Amruta Svarupa cha” (1). “Prema” means “Love”. Every person has loved someone or experienced love in one form or the other. Love between two people creates a bond, an attachment between them. It results in a person experiencing both happiness and sorrow. But, Bhakti is not just normal love but it is “Parama Prema rupa”-“Supreme form of love”. It is called “supreme” because it neither causes attachment to sensory world nor traps a person in a never ending cycle of happiness and sorrow. Instead it … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge

The Two Ways of Performing Action

“Karma” or “Action” is the very foundation of our existence. A second does not go by without anybody performing any action. People are continuously involved in performing one or the other tasks- eating, drinking, talking, driving etc. But action does not refer to physical activity alone. Every word, every thought that arise in the mind represents an action being performed. The whole universe works on the principle action and reaction. The Hindu Shastras/Scriptures call this phenomenon which forms the very basic functioning principle of the cosmos as “Karma”. Every situation, good or bad a person faces in his life is the fruits of his past actions (Karma Phala). Every person or animal, a person encounters or comes in contact with, is result of some Karmic bond (called in scriptures as “Rina … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge

Indra and Soma, Shiva and Madira

The Indian texts are classified into two categories : Shrutis and Smritis. Shruti comes from the Sanskrit root “Shru” i.e to hear. Now the whole question is what is this hearing? Is it a physical hearing? Shruti is knowledge that is experienced and comes directly from the highest source of consciousness experienced in the highest state of meditation where the knowledge is pure and unpolluted by the imaginations, assumptions lower level analysis of a polluted and wavering mind. It is a vision that is experienced beyond the mind, beyond the working of the senses. This classification is done as follows: Veda Upanishad/Purana Contemporary usage Vasu Satyaloka Existence Urja Chit or Tapoloka Consciousness/Energy Priyam Janaloka Bliss Swar Maharloka Supermind Dyau (heaven) Manas Mind Bhuvar, Antariksha Prana Vital Bhu (earth) Anna Physical   It is declared the sense are superior but more than the senses the mind is superior but more than the mind the intelligence is superior and … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge

The Two Realities-Vyavaharika and Paramarthika

One of the most discussed and debated questions throughout known history have been related to the existence of man, world and God. Many theories have been put forward throughout the world ranging from denial of God to the denial of Man. The former accept only the Physical reality of the Universe and the latter condemn those who question the reality of God. It is only in the scriptures of Hindu religion, does one find not only an acceptance of existence of the God and Man but also an exposition equating the both. Hindu philosophies explain that to understand cosmos, it is very important to first understand the frame of reference from which the Cosmos is being perceived. The scriptures speak about two different frames of references to understand the relationship between … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge

The Two Paths of Life – Pravritti Marga & Nivritti Marga

“Sukha or Happiness” is the one thing that every person in this world strives for. Every action of man is directly or indirectly aimed at achieving happiness. There are two ways a person can live his life. He can either spend his whole life pursuing desires, ambitions and happiness in the external sensory world or he can turn-away from the sensory world which is temporary in a search for the eternal ever-lasting bliss. In the former case, People work hard, pursue careers, earn money, earn fame, make family etc so that they can lead a happy life. But, in this approach one never finds contentment. Without contentment, one is always running behind one object after another which he perceives as a source of happiness. But the physical-sensory world being temporary and … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge

Religion, Arts and Understanding Life

The following topics are considered: Introduction Religion and Politics Political Ideologues Numerous Dichotomies God and Justice The Force, Energy and God Scriptures and Psychology Arts References and notes: Star (*) followed by a bracketed number (#1, etc) identifies applicable specific reference and notes. Introduction  Comparative religion, arts and science are tools for understanding life. Terrorism was examined from social and cultural angles in previous article. Second article on introduction to Understanding Life series of four articles discusses how religious dogma is exploited by political establishments. Life is dynamic and ever changing or evolving. Known is history, unknown is future and present is what counts. Understanding life challenges mind. Life revolves around belief systems, arts and material world. Tools for understanding life include comparative studies of religions, art and science. The tools define the various people groups – cultures and societies – across the world. Religions and Politics   We have … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Islam, Pakistan, Politics, Vedic Knowledge

Modern Science and Understanding Life

The following topics are discussed in the last of four articles. Introduction God Particle and South Asian Scientists Science and theologians Science and Quality of Life Outlook for Future Modern Science   References and notes: Star (*) followed by a bracketed number (#1, etc) identifies applicable specific reference and notes. Introduction   First article – “Terrorism and Cultural Wars”* (#1) – of this four parts serie discussed how social and cultural upbringings can explain terrorism.  The second article – “Religion, Politics and Arts”* – presented aspects of religion used for political exploitation and comments on arts to history. For understanding life scientific knowledge of the universe is essential. The third article presented Pre-17th Century Sciences* For improvements in quality of life, the third article described reliance of modern men on expanding use of energy or power. The another article titled, “Tides of Ideas”* … Read entire article »

Filed under: India, Islam, NRI, Vedic Knowledge

Pre-17th Century Sciences and Understanding Life

First article – “Terrorism and Cultural Wars”*  – of this four parts series discussed how social and cultural upbringings can explain terrorism.  The second article – and “Religion, Politics and Arts”* – presented aspects of religion used for political exploitation and arts. For understanding life scientific knowledge of the universe is essential. The following topics are discussed in this third article. Introduction Energy Ancient Vedic Science Pre-17th century Science Science References and notes:  Star (*) followed by a bracketed number (#1, etc) identifies applicable specific reference and notes.   Introduction  Comparative religion, arts and science are tools for understanding life. An objective of four part series is to illustrate the central place of science in life. The relevance of science is to improve knowledge of material world for humanity. Another two part series – Tides of Ideas* (#3) and the Golden … Read entire article »

Filed under: Christianity, India, Islam, Politics, Vedic Knowledge

Golden age of Muslims by Saeed Mirza

I appreciated an introduction to the life of three young Pakistani women in theUS by a US based Pakistani free lance journalist (#1) (#1, etc means see references and notes). The brief stories the journalist narrated invoked many thoughts. I started with my belief that if we take away the bondage placed on women and the Miskeen (#2) by nations there is hope not only for women every where but also for humanity. In this two parts researched series first I will review Saeed Mirza’s book (#3) and then present in next part additional research that offers clues to Tides of Ideas that have benefited humanity as scholars from all across globe for 3,500+ years have continued to make progress in scientific knowledge. The second part will present my observations to explain factors that were necessary for the … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Islam, Vedic Knowledge

The Dream of Vishnu (Part 2) – Nothingness?

The Dream of Vishnu (Part 2) Nothingness? The Buddhist conception of nothingness today is grossly misunderstood. Many people ask that if the ultimate reality consists of nothingness or emptiness, then why even do anything? People prescribing to such point of view also state that it is all maya, then why should we even do any dharmic actions? Such people see futility in doing their righteous duties for the welfare of the society or dharma. It is similar to the situation of a shattered Arjun who found it useless to fight his enemies on the battlefield consisting of relatives and friends. The war of mahabharat should not be judged as a good war or a bad war but a dharmic war. Is non-doing of one’s own duties really futile? Is inaction same as renunciation … Read entire article »

Filed under: Hinduism, India, Vedic Knowledge