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Happiness 360

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The following topics are discussed  

  1. Introduction
  2. Happiness 360
  3. State of Mind and Energy
  4. Technologies for Quantification
  5. Einstein’s Special Relativity
  6. References and notes: Star (*) followed by a bracketed number indicates more info is available in  reference, notes and an appendix.
  7. Appendix  



Perhaps the oldest analysis (5th to 2nd centuries BC) of happiness is presented in Gita, Chapter 18 (especially verses, 13-14, 18-19 and 36–39). I use Gita with a Commentary by Swami Chinmayananda*(1). Gita essentially offers the Hindu philosophy of life, psychology and theoretical physics to help Hindus guide through life. For an introduction with ancient historical perspective of the discussion of happiness, a good start is to study Gita, Commentary by Swami Chinmayananda, pages 1039 – 1177.

Everyone has the goal of gaining happiness or a better sense of fulfillment. Happiness and its opposite – pain and sorrow – result whenever the body guided by ego engages in work or action. Work is karma.  External and internal factors influence work.

Gita uses Kapila’s Sankhya Yoga, a Guna theory. Originally Guna theory espoused duality (Dvaita Vedanta) philosophy. My article*(2), “Sankhya System and Guna Theory – Part V of five Part Introduction to Hinduism” explains Kapila’s theory of behavioral science according to the Dvaita Vedanta. Gita was written after the Kapila period by poet Vyasa. Gita author, Krishna is a pseudonym (presumably poet Vyasa’s composite, an imagination) and he reduced Dvaita to Advaita (singularity) Vedanta.

Advaita philosophy of singularity is linked to God and Dvaita philosophy is linked to duality of human nature associated universe. In Advaita terminology the origin of universe is singularity, the God. God plays no role in the Dvaita philosophy (see Buddhism). Modern physics is rooted in singularity of energy.

According to Gita’s Sankhya/Guna Theories five factors and three qualities are responsible for individual happiness (see my cited article for details). Guna means temperament. Kapila’s science of temperaments (gunas) presents anatomy of work (action), identifies element responsible for knowledge, organs of sense and organs of perception, relationship of ego to work and the three-fold nature (qualities) of both the impulse to action and the basis of action. Both, the impulse to action and the basis of action have three qualities – pure (Sattwic), passionate (Rajasic) and dull (Tamasic). These qualities act simultaneously, not in isolation to make a complex matrix. The complexities of matrix are responsible for individual happiness at any given time.

It is a qualitative analysis and quantification remains illusive. Knowledge of advanced math in the pre 17th century period was limited and computer technology was non existent for handling the complex matrix. Promising advances in math appeared in post 17th century. For example, topology*(3) based science and technology advances are being developed to solve problems that require computational technology based on multi dimensional geometry of variables.

I was introduced to the term Happiness 360 and the idea to quantify happiness*(4) in a chance meeting with Dr Walt Winkelman at the Plaza in Santa Fe, NM (May 26-28, 2013). I liked the challenge of quantifying emotions so I looked into identifying research areas that should be investigated.

Happiness 360 

My definition of the term ‘happiness 360’ is happiness all around. It is an unrealistic expectation toforever be happy and be around happiness. Life is full of surprises, ups and downs that some times make us happy and at others cause pain and suffering.

To my knowledge universally accepted quantification of happiness is unknown. Happiness*(5) is a fuzzy concept and can mean many different things to many people. Part of challenges to developing science of happiness is to identify different concepts of happiness and split them into their components. Google searches*(6) showed that qualitatively happiness has been a widely discussed subject offering diverse human responses related to person’s state of mind and personality.

Scientifically, happiness state of mind is associated with positive energy. Defining happiness as a multidimensional matrix would or should allow understanding and measurements of energy associated with the state of mind at any given time.

If causes of happiness are confined to three dimensional analyses, conceptually an individual’s horizon is a size of a cube during a lifetime. Size or relative density of cube signifies intellectual reach; the broader reach is associated with a larger size or a high relative density. Three qualities (gunas) exercise counter balancing influences on development of individual’s personality. Each individual attains an emotional equilibrium as a result of the counter balancing of three qualities. Intensity of emotional bursts is linked to the equilibrium state at any given time.

Analogously, by using multi dimensional topology math conceptually the individual emotional state of mind at equilibrium in a four or more dimensional matrix can be studied.

This research note identifies logic, sciences and technologies needed to develop quantification of energy associated with emotions. Sufficient scientific advances including an attempt for brain mapping using topology were made in last two centuries. Once perfected such initiatives would help quantify happiness by those interested in developing science of happiness. A highly desirable concept is to develop a computer that mimics brain to accelerate measurement of human emotional responses.

State of Mind and Energy 

Happiness energy state is influenced by personality; an introvert is happy as he is energized by the quite time. An extrovert is energized to happiness in company. Energy and happiness may have a relationship similar to truism, “chicken or egg first?”

Energy results from happy state of mind. Energy is drained by pain and suffering. Emotions generate positive energy (happiness) and negative energy (pain and suffering). Personality is variable and happiness, pain and suffering linked to positive and negative energies are related to personality. Developing scientific discipline of quantifying emotional states would require in depth knowledge of natural and soft sciences to answer the question, “What is the internal reference constant (say, common denominator) for measuring the state of mind?”

Technologies for Quantification 

One way to quantify happiness would be to measure energy associated with each burst of every emotion. Latest discoveries in biology provide clues as to how we should pursue the frontiers of computing. Advances in neuroscience and computer sciences suggest that devices required for measuring human responses would have to be based on the principles of biology. Human emotions measuring devices would need computers that mimic brain or machines engineered with the ‘reversed engineered’ human brain technology. Why?

Modern computers relative to human brain are energy guzzling machines. Dr John E. Kelly, the director of research at IBM has cited the question-answering IBM computer, “Watson” that played “Jeopardy!” and beat two human champions not long ago. “Watson” is a clever machine that consumes 85,000 watts of electricity, while the human brain runs on just 20 watts*(7).

Development of modern sciences accelerated once differential and integral calculus became available*(8). Calculus, especially advanced applied calculus was not known to pre 17th century mathematicians. Modern scientists required knowledge of post 17th century calculus and topology to unravel fourth dimension and multi-dimension nature of space.

Einstein added time as fourth dimension to the three dimensional space to unfold the theory of relativity (September 1905)*(9). Einstein suggested space-time be considered as a single dimension to conform to requirements of math of three dimensional geometry. For more than three-dimensional-space the math of topography is being developed.

Fundamental theories in physics are supported by multiple lines of evidence from many different scientific disciplines, developed and tested over decades. A Table* (see Appendix) offers a broad outline of various topics of scientific and technological advances over last 10,000 years.

Researchers in almost all natural sciences in the Western World have used established rules of physics starting with Newton’s laws of motion or mechanical physics (18th century) and laws of thermodynamics to arrive at comparable laws for their discipline. Political economy and latest economic theories, among other disciplines have learned from laws of physics*(10).

Einstein’s Special Relativity 

Logic and math of the Einstein’s Special relativity may be applicable for measuring energy associated with every emotional state. The human state of mind and personalities are variables for measuring happiness as well as pain and sufferings. Quantifying happiness would require quantifying state of the mind; quantifying personality states, all other factors influencing human state of mind and may be identifying an inertial frame of reference or a constant equivalent to the speed of light.

Modern physics is a vast and multi-layered. All other natural sciences – all truths that exist in the material world – are interrelated, held together by the mathematical reality of physics. Development is lagging in quantifying the soft sciences – psychology, social and behavioral sciences, for example. Depth of mathematics and may be analytical capabilities of scientists engaged in the study of natural sciences are considerably superior to those engaged in study of soft sciences.

My hypothesis is that to quantify happiness a need is to have an in-depth knowledge of logic used for development of the theory of relativity and other advanced theories of physics. Combined with other laws of physics, ‘the two postulates of special relativity’*(9) predict the equivalence of mass and energy. The Einstein’s equality equation or the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc*2 defines energy as mass multiplied by square of the speed of light (c*2 or c squared); mass is variable and in vacuum speed of light is constant.  Mass of every moving body in vacuum approaches infinity as its speed approaches that of light.

All measurements of energy in physical space are relative to a constant or an invariable point in the universe. Humans respond to forces relative to the gravitational laws governing universe in general and earth in particular. Happiness is a biological response to emotions. All biological responses are at molecular levels and subject to laws of relativity – an internal frame of reference. Einstein’s Special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the physical theory of measurement at atomic and sub atomic (micro) levels in an inertial frame of reference.

Some additional suggested readings*(11) are offered in references and notes to those interested in quantifying happiness. I believe additional studies of listed references in each article and scholarly books should help identify topics of study to identify ‘the common denominator’ for happiness”.

References and notes  

  1. Swami Chinmayananda, “The Holy Geeta”, published by the Central Chinmaya Mission Trust. My copy was   reprinted in 2001; It was originally published in 1976 according to a Wikipedia @ ; the book is available at the (
  • My knowledge of Gita comes from the commentary by Swami Chinmayananda and several more commentaries. I do not know Sanskrit; I relied on translations and commentaries in English to prepare a number of blogs posted at
  1. Kishan Bhatia: 0101 2010, “Sankhya System and Guna Theory – Part V of five Part Introduction to Hinduism  (3,887 words and 10 pages)
  • Guna Theory maintains duality philosophy (Dvaita Vedanta). Duality is a result of separating mind      (purusha) and body (prakrity or matter). Both purusha and prakriti by itself are inert and unmanifested; however, once they unite prakriti becomes manifested by acquiring mind, intellect or will (buddhi),      conscious (chitta) and ego (ahamkara).
  • Advaita Vedanta espouses singularity (philosophy of one God) and eliminates distinction between body and  mind (purusha and prakriti).
  1. Wikipedia: “Topology” @
Four     dimensional object with the characteristic shape of the human brain?The image     is the result of drawing a sphere in four dimensions, with a moderate   adjustment   to one of the dimensional parameters and displaying the   result as a   3-dimensional surface.Very   Interesting!(Note: Check     Back Soon For Updates! If no photo appears in left column, please use   the link to open the page and scroll down to bottom of the article to see the   photo of simulated brain)


  1. Happiness 360 @………..0.ea_oQjRtSnY
  1. Wikipedia: “Happiness” @
  1. Google Searches: Happiness; one of many results was: “Happiness Essay” @………..0.3zlietgOV_k
  2. Creating Artificial Intelligence Based on the Real Thing @
  • Dr Dharmendra S. Modha, the IBM computer scientist is leading a multimillion dollar project to engineer      the mind by reverse-engineering operations of the brain.
  • Dr. Modha in 2010 instructed his far-flung research team to first develop the biologically inspired chip.
  • Dr. Modha said, “The chip-first as an organizing principle gave the research team a coherent plan to reverse  engineer human brain.” Brains are low-power, nimble computing mechanisms — real-world proof that it is possible.
  • A brain does its computing with a design drastically different from today’s computers. Its processors —      neurons — are, in computing terms, massively distributed; there are billions in a human brain. These neuron processors are wrapped in its data memory devices — synapses — so that the brain’s paths      of communication are extremely efficient and diverse, through the neuron’s axons, which conduct electrical impulses.
  • In designing chips that bear some structural resemblance to the brain, so-called neuromorphic chips, neuroscience was a guiding principle as well.
  1. Kishan Bhatia, “Pre-17th Century Sciences and Understanding Life” (0625 8015 2012)
  2. Wikipedia: “Special relativity,”
  3. The Third Industrial Revolution @
  • The book of same title by Jeremy Rifkin describes what the future holds
  • The Wikipedia article offers an excellent summary of the TIR. It also tabulates historically important contributions by various cultures to sciences and technology. A table is copied in the Appendix.
  1. All references listed below are suggested readings:


Appendix: Organize Science and Technology by various categories 0426 2013

Reference: Wikipedia

History of technology

By Technological eras

By Historical regions


By Type of technology


Technology timelines






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