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Islamic Ruling on Apostasy

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Following is an excerpt taken from an Islamic site, which gives the ruling on apostasy. This excerpt is based on Quran, Hadiths and the saying of Islamic scholars. Bold emphasis is ours.

What is the ruling on the apostate?

If a Muslim apostatizes and meets the conditions of apostasy – i.e., he is of sound mind, an adult and does that of his own free will – then his blood may be shed with impunity. He is to be executed by the Muslim ruler or by his deputy – such as the qaadi or judge, and he is not to not be washed (after death, in preparation for burial), the funeral prayer is not to be offered for him and he is not to be buried with the Muslims.

The evidence that the apostate is to be executed is the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever changes his religion, execute him.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2794). What is meant by religion here is Islam (i.e., whoever changes from Islam to another religion).

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim who bears witness that there is no god except Allaah and that I am His Messenger, except in one of three cases: a soul for a soul (i.e., in the case of murder); a married man who commits adultery; and one who leaves his religion and splits form the jamaa’ah (main group of Muslims).” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6878; Muslim, 1676)

See al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 22/180.

Thus it will be clear to you that execution of the apostate is something that is commanded by Allaah, when he commanded us to obey the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority” [al-Nisa’ 4:59]
And the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has commanded us to execute the apostate as in the hadeeth quoted above: “Whoever changes his religion, execute him.”

It may need some time for you to be convinced about this matter, and for you to think about it. Perhaps you think that if a person follows the truth and enters into it and embraces the one true religion which Allaah has enjoined, then we allow him to leave it quite easily whenever he wants and to utter the words of kufr (disbelief) that put him outside of Islam, so he can reject Allaah, His Messenger, His Books and His religion, and there is no punishment as deterrent, how will that affect him and others who enter the religion?

Do you not see that this would make the one true religion, that everyone should follow, like a shop or store which a person can enter when he wants and leave when he wants, and it may encourage others to forsake the truth.

Moreover, this is not someone who has never known the truth and practiced it and worshipped in accordance with it; rather this is a person who has known the truth, and practiced the religion and done the rituals of worship, so the punishment is no greater than he deserves. Moreover, such strong rulings as this are only applied to such a person whose life is no longer considered to be useful, because he knew the truth and followed the religion, then he left it and forsook it. What soul can be more evil than the soul of such a person?

In conclusion, the answer is that Allaah is the One Who revealed this religion and enjoined it. He is the One Who ruled that the one who enters it and then leaves it is to be executed.. This ruling does not come from the Muslims’ ideas or suggestions. As this is the case, then we must follow the ruling of Allaah so long as we are content to accept Him as our Lord and God.. [Source]

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One fine evening, I was with one of my very close friend. We used to talk on hot issue like terrorism, corruption and Patriotism. Meanwhile he came up with topic of Islamic scholars who fool his audience to convert ignorant mass into Islam. I was not aware of anything about Islamic doctrine and ideology at that time, but I really had deep interest in theology. Like a Novice, I raised some objection on Islam, and I was really quite confident about my allegations. But he was successful in answering those allegations quoting Dr. Zakir Naik. This made me watch Dr Naik's videos and Peace T.V. Very soon I realized that something was fishy with his talks and claims. I planned to study sources of Islam by myself. After completing my High Schools, I gave almost all my time in studying sources of Islam. In between, I came to know some famous critics of Islam, like Sham Shamoun and Dr. Ali Sina, for whom I have lots of respect. Going through debates and articles of Ali Sina, I realized the real evil of Islam and it gave me much strength to carry on my own research. After going through loads of Book about Islam, I planned to start writing by myself, and for the first time I started writing publicly against Islam on August 2011. WordPress gave me a good opportunity to start my Blog, and now I have turned it to a registered site, hoping the end of death cult of Islam very soon. The reason behind calling Islam a death cult, is very obvious, which you can find in my articles, addressing terrorism, and Wars of Prophet Muhammad. Till date after studying the sources of Islam, I haven't face any such situation which made me feel sorry for writing against Islam. I hope, this cult ends very soon, leaving the rest of world in Peace and Harmony. 'Rahul Raj'


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